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【索引】Index

航空関係の略語集:Abbreviations

航空業界で使用される、略語を集めてみました。

A

A>B A is greater than B
A≥B A is greater than or equal to B
A<B A is less than B
A≤B A is less than or equal to B
A/BRK Autobrake
A/C Aircraft
A/P Autopilot
AP Autopilot
A/S Airspeed
A/SKID Anti-skid
A/THR Auto Thrust
AA Airworthiness Authorities
AAL Above Aerodrome Level
AAT Aircraft Allocation Table
AB Abort
ABCU Alternate Braking Control Unit
ABN Abnormal
ABV Above
AC Alternating Current
ACARS ARINC Communication Addressing and Reporting System
ACAS Airborne Collision Avoidance System
ACCEL Acceleration
ACC Active Clearance Control
ACCU Accumulator
ACP Audio Control Panel
ACS Aircraft Configuration Summary
ACSC Air Conditioning System Controller
ACT Additional Center Tank
ADC Air Data Computer
ADF Automatic Direction Finder
ADIRS Air Data Inertial Reference System
ADIRU Air Data Inertial Reference Unit
ADM Air Data Module
ADR Air Data Reference
ADS-B Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Broadcast
ADS-C Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Contract
ADV Advisory
AEVC Avionic Equipment Ventilation Controller
AFM Airplane Flight Manual
AFMC Auxiliary Fuel Management Computer
AFMS Auxiliary Fuel Management System
AFS Auto Flight System
AGL Above Ground Level
AIDS Aircraft Integrated Data System
AIL Aileron
AIME Autonomous Integrity Monitoring Extrapolation
AIP Attendant Indication Panel
AIU Audio Interface Unit
ALT Altitude
ALTN Alternate
AMC Acceptable Means of Compliance
AMI Airline Modifiable Information
AMU Audio Management Unit
ANT Antenna
AOA Angle of Attack
AOC Airline Operational Control
APP Approach
APPR Approach
APPU Asymmetry Position Pick-off Unit
APU Auxiliary Power Unit
AR Authorization Required
ARINC Aeronautical Radio Incorporated
ARN Aircraft Registration Number
ARP Aerospace Recommended Practice
ARPT Airport
ASAP As Soon As Possible
ASD Accelerate Stop Distance
ASI Air Speed Indicator
ASP Audio Selector Panel
ATC Air Traffic Control
ATM Air Traffic Management
ATN Aeronautical Telecommunications Network
ATE Automatic Test Equipment
ATIS Automatic Terminal Information System
ATS Auto Thrust System
ATSAW Airborne Traffic Situational Awareness
ATSU Air Traffic Service Unit
ATT Attitude
AUTO Automatic
AVNCS Avionics
AWY Airway

B

B/C Back Course
BACV Buffer Air Check Valve
BARO Barometric
BASOV Buffer Air Shut Off Valve
BAT Battery
BCL Battery Charge Limiter
BCDS Bite Centralized Data System
BCU Backup Control Unit
BDDV Brake Dual Distribution Valve
BITE Built-In Test Equipment
BIU BITE Interface Unit
BFE Buyer Furnished Equipment
BFO Beat Frequency Oscillator
BMC Bleed Monitoring Computer
BNR Binary
BRG Bearing
BRK Brake
BRT Bright
BSCU Braking Steering Control Unit
BTC Bus Tie Contactor
BTL Bottle
BTS Bleed Temperature Sensor
BUS Busbar
BUSS Back Up Speed Scale

C

C/B Circuit Breaker
CB Circuit Breaker
C/L Checklist
CL Checklist
CAB Cabin
CAPT Captain, Capture
CAS Calibrated Airspeed
CAT Category
CBMS Circuit Breaker Monitoring System
CCD Cursor Control Device
CDL Configuration Deviation List
CDLS Cockpit Door Locking System
CDSS Cockpit Door Surveillance System
CDU Control Display Unit
CF Cost of Fuel
CFDIU Centralized Fault Display Interface Unit
CFDS Centralized Fault Display System
CFP Computerized Flight Plan
CG Center of Gravity
CHAN Channel
CHG Change
CHK Check
CI Cost Index
CIDS Cabin Intercommunication Data System
CIDS-SDF Cabin Intercommunication Data System – Smoke Detection Function
CKPT Cockpit
CIS Commonwealth of Independent States
CLB Climb
CLR Clear
CLSD Closed
CM1(2) Crewmember 1 (left seat) or 2 (right seat)
CM1 Crewmember 1 (left seat)
CM2 Crewmember 2 (right seat)
CMPTR Computer
CMS Constant Mach Segment
CMS Centralized Maintenance System
CNSU Cabin Network Server Unit
CO Company
CO RTE Company Route
COND Conditioning
CONF Configuration
CONT Continuous
CPC Cabin Pressure Controller
CPCU Cabin Pressure Controller Unit
CPDLC Controller-Pilot Data Link Communication
CRC Continuous Repetitive Chime
CRG Cargo
CRS Course
CRT Cathode Ray Tube
CRZ Cruise
CSAS Conditioned Service Air System
CSCU Cargo Smoke Control Unit
CSD Constant Speed Drive
CSM/G Constant Speed Motor/Generator
CSTR Constraint
CT Cost of Time
CTL Control
CTL PNL Control Panel
CTR Center
CVR Cockpit Voice Recorder

D

DA Drift Angle
DAC Digital to Analog Converter
DAC Double Annular Combustor
DAR Digital AIDS Recorder
DC Direct Current
DCDU Datalink Control and Display Unit
DCL Digital Cabin Logbook
DDRMI Digital Distance and Radio Magnetic Indicator
DECEL Deceleration
DES Descent
DEST Destination
DET Detection, Detector
DEV DEV Deviation
DFA Delayed Flap Approach
DFDR Digital Flight Data Recorder
DH Decision Height
DIR Direction
DIR TO Direct To
DISC Disconnect
DISCH Discharge
DIST Distance
DITS Digital Information Transfer System
DIV Diverter
DMC Display Management Computer
DME Distance Measuring Equipment
DMU Data Management Unit (Aids)
DN Down
DPO Descent Profile Optimization
DSDL Dedicated Serial Data Link
DTG Distance To Go
DTO Derated Takeoff
DU Display Unit
DU Documentary Unit

E

EWD Engine/Warning Display
ECAM Electronic Centralized Aircraft Monitoring
ECAS Emergency Cockpit Alerting System
ECB Electronic Control Box (APU)
ECM Engine Condition Monitoring
ECON Economic
ECP ECAM Control Panel
ECS Environmental Control System
ECU Engine Control Unit
EDP Engine-Driven Pump
EEC Electronic Engine Computer
EFB Electronic Flight Bag
EFCS Electronic Flight Control System
EFIS Electronic Flight Instruments System
EFF Electronic Flight Folder
EFOB Estimated Fuel On Board
EGPWS Enhanced Ground Proximity Warning System
EGT Exhaust Gas Temperature
EIS Electronic Instruments System
EIU Engine Interface Unit
ELAC Elevator Aileron Computer
ELEC Electrics
ELT Emergency Locator Transmitter
ELEV Elevator
ELV Elevation
EMER Emergency
EMER GEN Emergency Generator
ENG Engine
EO Engine-Out
EOSID Engine-Out Standard Instrument Departure
EPE Estimated Position Error (equal to EPU)
EPR Engine Pressure Ratio
EPU Emergency Power Unit
EPU Estimated Position Uncertainty (equal to EPE)
EQPT Equipment
EROPS Extended Range Operation
ESS Essential
EST Estimated
ETA Estimated Time of Arrival
ETE Estimated Time Enroute
ETOPS Extended Twin Operations
ETP Equal Time Point
EVMU Engine Vibration Monitoring Unit
E/WD Engine/Warning Display
EXP Expedite
EXT PWR External Power
EXTN Extension

F

F Fuel
FAA Federal Aviation Administration
FAP Forward Attendant Panel
F/C Flight Crew
F/O First Officer
FO First Officer
FAC Flight Augmentation Computer
FADEC Full Authority Digital Engine Control System
FAF Final Approach Fix
FANS Future Air Navigation System
FAP Flight Attendant Panel
FAR Federal Aviation Regulations
FAV Fan Air Valve
FCDC Flight Control Data Concentrator
FCMS Fuel Control and Monitoring System
FCOM Flight Crew Operating Manual
FCTM Flight Crew Techniques Manual
FCU Flight Control Unit
FD Flight Director
FDGJ Fan Drive Gear System
FDIMU Flight Data Interface and Management Unit
FDIU Flight Data Interface Unit
FDU Fire Detection Unit
FEP Final End Point
FF Fuel Flow
FG Flight Guidance
FGC Flight Guidance Computer
F-G/S FLS Glide Slope
FIDS Fault Isolation and Detection System
FL Flight Level
FLEX Flexible
FLHV Fuel Lower Heating Value
F-LOC FLS Localizer
FLP Flap
FLS FMS Landing System
FLSCU Fuel Level Sensing Control Unit
FLT Flight
F/CTL Flight Control
FLT CTL Flight Control

G

G/S Glideslope
GA Go-Around
GAPCU Ground and Auxiliary Power Control Unit
GBAS Ground Based Augmentation System
GCU Generator Control Unit
GDU Group of Documentary Unit
GEN Generator
GES Ground Earth Station
GLC Generator Line Contactor
GLS GBAS Landing System
GLS GNSS Landing System
GMT Greenwich Mean Time
GND Ground
GND TEMP Ground Temperature
GNSS Global Navigation Satellite System
GPCU Ground Power Control Unit
GPIRS Global Positioning and Inertial Reference System
GPS Global Positioning System
GPWS Ground Proximity Warning System
GRND Ground
GRP Geographic Reference Point
GRVTY Gravity
GS Ground Speed
GSM Global System for Mobile Communication
GW Gross Weight

H

HC Harness Connector
HCU Hydraulic Control Unit
HDG Heading
HDG/S Heading Selected
HDL Handle
HF High Frequency
HI High
HLD Hold
HM Holding Pattern with a Manual Termination
HMU Hydrau-Mechanical Unit
HMS Heat Management System
HP High Pressure
HPA Hectopascal
HPC High Pressure Compressor
HPSOV High Pressure Shut-off Valve
HPT High Pressure Turbine
HPV High Pressure Valve
HUD Head Up Display
HUDC Head Up Display Computer
HYD Hydraulic

I

I/O Inputs/Outputs
I/P Input or Intercept Profile
IAF Initial Approach Fix
IAS Indicated Airspeed
IATA International Air Transport Association
ICAO International Air Transport Organization
IDENT Identification
IDG Integrated Drive Generator
IFE In Flight Entertainment
IFPC Integrated Fuel Pump and Control
IFR Instrument Flight Rules
IGGS Inert Gas Generation System
IGN Ignition
INHIB Inhibited
ILS Instrument Landing System
IM Inner Marker
IMC Instrument Meteorological Conditions
IMM Immediate
INB Inbound
INBO Inboard
INCREM Increment
IND Indicator
INIT Initialization
INOP Inoperative
INR Inner
INST Instrument
INTCPT Intercept
INV Inverter
IP Intermediate Pressure
IPC Intermediate Pressure Check valve
IPPU Instrumentation Position Pick-off Unit
IR Inertial Reference
IRS Inertial Reference System
ISA International Standard Atmosphere
ISDU Initial System Display Unit
ISIS Integrated Standby Instrument System
ISOL Isolation
ISPSS In-Seat Power Supply System
ISPSU In-Seat Power Supply Unit
ITP In-Trail Procedure

J

JAA Joint Aviation Authorities
JAR Joint Aviation Requirements

K

none

L

L/G Landing Gear
LAF Load Alleviation Function
LAT Lateral
LAT Latitude
LAT REV Lateral Revision
LAV Lavatory
LCD Liquid Crystal Display
LCN Load Classification Number
LDA Landing Distance Available Localizer Directional Aid
L DEV Lateral Deviation
LDG Landing
LDS Laptop Docking Station
LED Light Emitting Diode
LEDU List of Effective Documentary Units
LEOEB List of Effective Operations Engineering Bulletins
LESS List of Effective Section/Subsections
LF Low Frequency
LGCIU Landing Gear Control Interface Unit
LGPIU Landing Gear Position Indicator Unit
LH Left-Hand
LIM Limitation
LIS Localizer Inertial Smoothing
LK Lock
LL Latitude/Longitude
LLS Left-Line Select key
LO Low
LOC Localizer
LONG Longitude
LP Low Pressure
LPC Low Pressure Compressor
LPT Low Pressure Turbine
LRRA Low Range Radio Altimeter
LRU Line Replaceable Unit
LS Loudspeaker
LSK Line Select Key
LT Light
LTS Load and Trim Sheet
LVL Level
LVL/CH Level Change
LVR Lever
LW Landing Weight

M

MABH Minimum Approach Break-off Height
MAC Mean Aerodynamic Chord
MAG Magnetic
MAG DEC Magnetic Declination
MAG VAR Magnetic Variation
MAINT Maintenance
MAN Manual
MAP Missed Approach Point
MAX Maximum
MAX CLB Maximum Climb
MAX DES Maximum Descent
MAX END Maximum Endurance
MC Master Caution
MCDU Multipurpose Control and Display Unit
MCT Maximum Continuous Thrust
MCU Modular Concept Unit
MDA Minimum Descent Altitude
MDDU Multifunction Disk Drive Unit
MDH Minimum Descent Height
MECH Mechanic
MEA Minimum En Route Altitude
MED Medium
MEL Minimum Equipment List
MFA Memorized Fault Annunciator
MGB Main Gearbox
MIN Minimum
MKR Marker
MLA Maneuver Load Alleviation
MLG Main Landing Gear
MLS Microwave Landing System
MLW Maximum Landing Weight
MM Middle Marker
MMEL Master Minimum Equipment List
MMO Maximum Operating Mach
MMR Multi Mode Receiver
MN Mach number
MORA Minimum Off Route Altitude
MP Modification Proposal
MRIU Maintenance and Recording Interface Unit
MSA Minimum Safe Altitude
MSG Message
MSL Mean Sea Level
MSU Mode Selector Unit
MTBF Mean Time Between Failure
MTC Modulated Turbine Cooling
MTOW Maximum Takeoff Weight
MZFW Maximum Zero Fuel Weight

N

N/A Not Applicable
NA Not Applicable
N1 Low Pressure Rotor Speed (in %)
N2 High Pressure Rotor Speed (in %)
NACA National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
NAI Engine Nacelle Anti-Ice
NAV Navigation
NAVAID Navigation Aid
NCD Non Computed Data
ND Navigation Display
NDB Non Directional Beacon
NLG Nose Landing Gear
NORM Normal
NPA Non Precision Approach
NW Nosewheel
NWS Nosewheel Steering

O

O/P Output
OANS On-board Airport Navigation System
OAT Outside Air Temperature
OBRM On Board Replaceable Module
OEB Operations Engineering Bulletin
OFF/R Off Reset
OFST Offset
OIS Onboard Information System
OIT Onboard Information Terminal
OLB OPS Library Browser
OM Outer Marker
OP Open
OPP Opposite
OPS Operations
OPT Optimum
OUTB Outbound
OUTR Outer
OVBD Overboard
OVHD Overhead
OVHT Overheat
OVRD Override
OVSPD Overspeed
OXY Oxygen

P

P/N Part Number
PN Part Number
PA Passenger Address
P-ALT Profile Altitude
PAX Passenger
PAR Precision Approach Radar
PBCS Performance-Based Communication and Surveillance
PBE Portable Breathing Equipment
PBN Performance Based Navigation
P-CLB Profile Climb
PCU Power Control Unit
P-DES Profile Descent
PDB Performance Data Base
PDU Pilot Display Unit
PED Portable Electronic Device
PERF Performance
PES Passenger Entertainment System
PF Pilot Flying
PFC Porous Friction Course
PFD Primary Flight Display
PHC Probes Heat Computer
P-MACH Profile Mach
PM Pilot Monitoring
PNL Panel
POB Pressure Off Brake
POS Position
PPOS Present Position
PPU Position Pick-off Unit
PR Pressure
PRED Prediction
PRESS Pressure, Pressurization
PROC Procedure
PROC T Procedure Turn
PROF Profile
PROG Progress
PROTEC Protection
P-SPEED Profile Speed
PSL Product Structure Level
PSU Passenger Service Unit
PT Point
PTR Printer
PTT Push To Talk
PTU Power Transfer Unit (Hydraulic)
PVI Paravisual Indicator
PWR Power
PWS Predictive Windshear System

Q

QAR Quick Access Recorder
QFE Field Elevation Atmosphere Pressure
QFU Runway Heading
QNE Sea Level Standard Atmosphere Pressure (1013 hPa)
QNH Sea Level Atmosphere Pressure
QRH Quick Reference Handbook
QT Quart (US)
QTY Quantity

R

R/I Radio/Inertial
RA Radio Altimeter, Resolution Advisory
RAAS Runway Awareness and Advisory System
RACC Rotor Active Clearance Control
RAD Radio
RAIM Receiver Autonomous Integrity Monitoring
RAT Ram Air Turbine
RATC Remote ATC Box
RCDR Recorder
RCL Recall
RCP Required Communication Performance
RCVR Receiver
REAC Reactive
REC Recommended
RED Reduction
REG Regulation
REL Release
REV Reverse
RH Right-Hand
RLD Required Landing Distance
RLSK Right Line Select Key
RMI Radio Magnetic Indicator
RMP Radio Management Panel
RNAV Area Navigation
RNG Range
RNP Required Navigation Performance
ROP Runway Overrun Protection
ROPS Runway Overrun Prevention System
ROW Runway Overrun Warning
RPCU Residual Pressure Control Unit
RPM Revolution Per Minute
RPTG Repeating
RQRD Required
RSP Required Surveillance Performance
RSV Reserves
RSVR Reservoir
RTA Required Time of Arrival
RTE Route
RTL Rudder Travel Limit
RTO Rejected Takeoff
RTOW Regulatory Takeoff Weight
RUD Rudder
RVSM Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum
RWY Runway

S

S South
S/C Step Climb
S/D Step Descent
S/D Shut Down
S/F Slats/Flaps
S/N Serial Number
SN Serial Number
SAAAR Special Aircrew and Aircraft Authorization Required
SAC Single Annular Chamber
SAT Static Air Temperature
SATCOM Satellite Communication
SC Single Chime
SCP Software Control Panel
SD System Display
SDAC System Data Acquisition Concentrator
SDCU Smoke Detection Control Unit
SDF Smoke Detection Function, Simplified Directional Facility
SEC Spoiler Elevator Computer
SEL Selector
SFCC Slat/Flap Control Computer
SFE Seller-Furnished Equipment
SID Standard Instrument Departure
SIM Simulation
SLT Slat
SOP Standard Operating Procedure
SPD Speed
SPD LIM Speed Limit
SPLR Spoiler
SRS Speed Reference System
STAR Standard Terminal Arrival Route
STAT Static
STAT INV Static Inverter
STBY Standby
STD Standard
STEER Steering
STRG Steering
STS Status
SWTG Switching
SYNC Synchronize
SYS System

T

T.O Takeoff
T/O Takeoff
TO Takeoff
T/C Top of Climb
T/D Top of Descent
TA Traffic Advisory
TAC Taxiing Aid Camera
TACAN Tactical Air Navigation
TACT Tactical
TAS True Air Speed
TAT Total Air Temperature
TAU Time to intercept
TAWS Terrain Awareness and Warning System
TBC To Be Confirmed
TBD To Be Determined
T2CAS Traffic and Terrain Collision Avoidance System
T3CAS Traffic and Terrain Collision Avoidance System
TCA Turbine Cooling Air
TCAS Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System
TCC Turbine Case Cooling
TCM Thrust Control Malfunction
TDU Temporary Documentary Unit
TEMP Temperature
TFTS Terrestrial Flight Telephon System
TGT Target
THR Thrust
THS Trimmable Horizontal Stabilizer
THSA Trimmable Horizontal Stabilizer Actuator
TK Tank
TK Track angle
TKE Track Angle Error
TLA Throttle Lever Angle
TLU Travel Limitation Unit
TMR Timer
TOC Table of Contents
TOD Takeoff Distance
TOGA Takeoff – Go-Around
TOGW Takeoff Gross Weight
TOR Takeoff Run
TOS Takeoff Surveillance
TOW Takeoff Weight
T-P Turn Point
TPIS Tire Pressure Indicating System
TR Transformer Rectifier
T-R Transmitter-Receiver
TRANS Transition
TRK Track
TROPO Tropopause
TRU Transformer Rectifier Unit
TRV Travel
TSM Trouble Shooting Manual
TTG Time to Go
TVMC Minimum Control Speed Temperature
TWY Taxiway

U

UFD Unit Fault Data
ULB Underwater Locator Beacon
UNLK Unlock
UP Up, Upper
USB Universal Serial Bus
UTC Universal Coordinated Time

V

V/S Vertical Speed
V1 Decision Speed
V2 Takeoff Safety Speed
VAPP Approach Speed
VBV Variable Bypass Valve
VC Calibrated airspeed
VDEV Vertical Deviation
VEL Velocity
VERT Vertical
VERT REV Vertical Revisor
VFE Maximum Speed for each Flap configuration
VFEN VFE Next
VFTO Final Takeoff Speed
VHF Very High Frequency
VHV Very High Voltage
VIB Vibration
VIP Vertical Intersection Point
VLE Maximum Landing Gear Extended Speed
VLS Lowest Selectable Speed
VLV Valve
VM Maneuvering Speed
VMAX Maximum Allowable Speed
VMC Visual Meteorological Conditions
VMCA Minimum Control Speed in the Air
VMCG Minimum Control Speed on Ground
VMCL Minimum Control Speed at Landing
VMIN Minimum Operating Speed
VMO Maximum Operating Speed
VMU Minimum Unstick Speed
VOR VHF Omnidirectional Range
VOR-D VOR-DME
VR Rotation Speed
VREF Landing Reference Speed
VSC Vacuum System Controller
VSI Vertical Speed Indicator
VSV Variable Stator Vane
VU Visual Unit

W

W/S

Wind Shear
WAI Wing Anti-Ice
WARN Warning
WBm Weight and Balance Manual
WBC Weight and Balance Computer
WBS Weight and Balance System
WBS Weight and Balance System
WD Warning Display
WGD Windshield Guidance Display
WGT Weight
WHC Window Heat Computer
WNDW Window
WPT Waypoint
WSHLD Windshield
WT Weight
WTB Wing Tip Brake
WXR Weather Radar

X

XBLD Crossbleed
XCVR Transceiver
XFR Transfer
XMTR Transmitter
XPDR Transponder
XTK Crosstrack Error

Y

None

Z

ZFCG Zero Fuel Center of Gravity
ZFW Zero Fuel Weight
ZFWCG Zero Fuel Weight Center of Gravity field
Zp Pressure Altitude


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